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Day 1 03/12/2020
Room #1

An opening speech by the General Chair 09:00 - 09:05

Starting at 9:00 AM Portugal timeline (GMT)

A welcome message by EAI Conference manager 09:05 - 09:10

Viltare Platzner

A welcome message by EAI Community manager 09:05 - 09:10

Michal Dudic

Session 1 09:10 - 10:45

09:10 - 09:40
Smart Governance in Urban Mobility Process

This paper is interested in the interplay between smart governance and urban mobility planning in the context of smart city. Mobility is one of the key urban domains, thus, it is crucial to analyze the governance models behind it, especially from two perspectives: participation of stakeholders and decision-making procedures. More specifically, this project takes a closer look at the European approach to rather top-down initiated Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP) and analyses how they are designed and implemented in the Baltic Sea region, with an in-depth focus on the city of Tallinn where interviews with city officials and mobility stakeholders were conducted. The results indicate that the top-down approach has not been taken over effectively by the city officials and thus, creating the lack of ownership on the local level. The Tallinn SUMP involved key stakeholders into the planning process including satellite areas and various interests’ groups. On the other hand, technology-enabled participation of citizens remains weak.
Authors: Ralf-Martin Soe (FinEst Twins Smart City Center of Excellence, Tallinn University of Technology),
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09:40 - 10:10
Computer Vision Assisted Approaches to Detect Street Garbage from Citizen Generated Imagery

The basis of smart governance is to leverage state-of-the-art technologies to improve lives of citizens. With the rapid permeance of smart-phone technologies today, citizens are increasingly active now in collaborating with public officials for improved quality of life. However, for effective utility, public officials must be empowered with optimal tools that can best leverage citizen participation. In this paper, we present the design and details of computer vision techniques to automatically detect and localize street garbage from citizen generated imagery. Our dataset is mined from (citizen-generated) images in the well-known 311 service deployed in San Francisco, which is actually a service citizens use to report civic issues. Using a dataset of 2, 500 images (containing 6, 474 objects) evenly distributed between those containing street garbage and those that do not, we design convolutional neural network techniques to detect and localize sources of garbage in the images. Results from our evaluations show that our system can be a vital cog towards next generation smart governance systems geared towards cleaner and healthier neighborhoods. Since identifying, collecting and disposing of street garbage is a critical aspect of governance across the globe, we believe that our work in this paper is critical, timely and may have global impact.
Authors: Hye Yi (University of South Florida, Tampa FL 33620, USA), Sriram Chellappan (University of South Florida, Tampa FL 33620, USA),
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10:10 - 10:45
Identity Inclusion: A Digital National Identification for All

Governments offer civil services to their citizens if the citizen can identify themselves using a government-issued identification document. Several documents are often required, such as a national ID and driving license. These identification documents do not share data, or even validity, between different civil entities. Organizations like Sovrin, SecureKey, and ShoCard have presented solutions to ease identification using digital identification based on blockchain technology because of the benefits of immutability, transparency, reliability, and secure sharing of identity data. The solutions, however, all require the use of Internet-enabled devices to access the service. To accommodate developing countries where smartphones and computers are not prevalent, we designed a proof of concept digital national identification based on the Ethereum blockchain that utilizes Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) for end-user communications. The solution gives governments control over lawfully required data while allowing the citizen to retain sovereignty over personal data using trust zones. Consequently, a citizen can use a single identity across multiple civil service providers, even with a feature phone.
Authors: Martin Saint (Carnegie Mellon University), Andrew Musoke (Carnegie Mellon University Africa), Patrick Dushimimana (Carnegie Mellon University Africa),
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Coffee break 10:45 - 11:00

15 min

Session 2 11:00 - 15:00

11:00 - 11:25
A Framework for GIS-enabled Public Electronic Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Management

Population growth, urbanization and industrialization are increasing the amounts of solid waste generated in municipalities globally. Municipal Solid Management (MSWM) is complex and requires active and broader stakeholder participation to achieve sustainable solutions. However, existing solutions to MSWM challenges lack public participation. Although public participation geographic information systems (PPGIS) may be used to solicit stake-holders’ views in planning for spa-tial environmental issues, there is a need to realign its theoretical foundations. This study sought to extend the adaptive structuration theory-2 (EAST-2) to de-velop a framework for guiding the use of PPGIS applications to ensure effective public participation and social inclusion in MSWM. Additional constructs as suggested in literature were added to the EAST-2 framework. Data was collected cross-sectionally from MSWM stakeholders in Central-Uganda and analyzed us-ing partial least squares structured equation modeling. From the analysis, partici-pant influences, technology influences and task influences influence GIS-enabled participatory decision-making processes. The framework can be used to bench-mark GIS-enabled participatory processes in different environmental problems in similar settings.
Authors: Irene Arinaitwe (Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda), Gilbert Maiga (Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda), Agnes Nakakawa (Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda),
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Session 2 "Promotion as a Tool of Smart Governance in Cities" 11:25 - 12:00

Vitalisova, Katarina (UMB); Vaňová, Anna (UMB); Borsekova, Kamila (UMB); Rojíková, Darina (UMB)

A closing message by the General Chair 12:00 - 12:05